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# scale degree names

If a double accidental is needed for a key signature (such as a double sharp or double flat), then a major key signature is said to be “imaginary.” Example 12 shows an F♭ major scale: This F♭ major scale and its associated key signature are imaginary because there is a B. Scale Degree Names. One thing to note is that the 7th Scale Degree is called the Subtonic when you’re in a Minor (Natural) scale and it’s called the Leading Note when in a Major scale. This is in contrast to Because Do changes depending on what the first note of a major scale is, this method of solfège is called Movable Do. The last sharp, E♯, is a half-step below the note F♯. Example 2 shows these Scale-degree Names applied to an A♭ major scale, with half- and whole-steps labeled:. The supertonic is just above the tonic in the note scale. Here’s a complete list of the names for the different scale degrees: Third Scale Degree… Scale Degrees Learn the special names for each note of a scale. Note the caret above each number. These names apply to all major and minor scales. Notice that sharps are always played on the same lines and spaces, making a somewhat zig-zag pattern, alternating going down and up. To author a tutorial or quiz, only written content is needed. scale_x_discrete(name, breaks, labels, limits) scale_y_discrete(name, breaks, labels, limits) name: x or y axis labels; breaks: control the breaks in the guide (axis ticks, grid lines, …). There is one other “trick” which might make memorization of the key signatures easier. The other notes in the scale also have names. These technical names are directly related to the concept of tonality or key. A final set of labels can be called scale degree names. This can be remembered with the mnemonic: Fat Cats Go Down Alleys (to) Eat Birds. A scale is an ordered collection of half- and whole-steps (see Chapter 5: Half- and Whole-steps; Accidentals; The Black Keys of the Piano to review half- and whole-steps). Make sure you can connect solfege syllables to scale degree numbers and back again. A lot of harmony textbooks use these names, so they’re useful to know. Major scales are named for their first note, which is also their last note. Write. ), Writing Authentic Cadences (TRIADS ONLY! Correct! STUDY. There are two key signatures that have no “tricks” that you will simply have to memorize. The second note is the supertonic. Key Signatures Learn about key signatures and the special ordering of accidentals. Each scale degree has a name, shown here in G major: The tonic is the first note of the scale. An ordered collection of half- and whole-steps, The relative number of a note in a scale relative to the first note of that scale, A system that pairs each note of a scale with a particular syllable, The numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, Angled bracket placed above Arabic numerals to indicate scale degrees, The application of solemnization syllables (Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, etc.) Each note of the scale, or scale degree, has a conventional name. The first note of a major scale is called the tonic; the second note, the supertonic, followed by the mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading tone, and tonic: Example 2 shows these Scale-degree Names applied to an A♭ major scale, with half- and whole-steps labeled: Example 2 shows the notes of the A♭ major scale in order. Complete the Self-Test associated with this section of the Tonal Harmony textbook and check your answers in the Appendix D. How are Scale Degree Names … [/footnote], Structure of Individual Sections (Simple vs. Dominant refers to the 5th scale degree. The names relate to their function and to their position to each other on the scale, for example the Tonic is the primary tone, the Subdominant is below the Dominant, and the Leading Tone "leads" to the Tonic. Generic Intervals Learn how two notes are measured on the staff. These are: 1st degree – The tonic; 2nd degree – The supertonic; 3rd degree – The mediant; 4th degree – The subdominant; 5th degree – The dominant; 6th degree – The submediant; 7th degree – The leading note (or leading tone) Be sure to include any accidentals that apply to this note in its name. Learn how to figure out the scale degree of any note based on a key signature. Name the following scales: 2. For example, G is the dominant of C major, and B is the dominant of E major. 1st note is always tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc.) Scale Degree Scale Degree Name A Minor (Natural) scale Each note of a major scale is also named with. 1: Music Theory Fundamentals 38 Section 2.6 SCALE DEGREE NAMES The different notes of a scale are called scale degrees or scale steps.Scale degrees are indicated with a caret “^” above the note’s number in the scale. The order of flats can be remembered with this mnemonic: Birds Eat and Dive Going Crazy Far. Identify triads, on random roots, by Roman numerals 4. For example, B major and C♭ major scales will sound the same because B and C♭ are enharmonic. A. key signature. This example shows how the names of the scale degrees derived. Major key signatures are said to be “real” if they are one of the key signatures in Examples 10 or 11. Scale degrees are measured by how far the given note's pitch is from the note at the scale's start. Scale degree names. Though it may seem complicated, this information is crucial so be sure to master it! For now, it is good to know the names. Learn. Open Music Theory by Chelsey Hamm and Bryn Hughes is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. The first note of all musical scales is called the Tonic. 「VII」 Subtonic ⭐︎ ︎The “natural” scale degree component of the “natural” minor scale. Identify triads by scale degree of the root 8. Review and write triads given the key and Roman numeral 11.1 Identify notes with scale degree numbers • A scale degree is a number or name of a note in a scale. Spell. The Purpose of each Scale Degree Name. Example 8 shows a few flat key signatures in different clefs: The first key signature in Example 8 is in bass clef. # Dominant (! It is found a whole step (M2nd) below the tonic, and has a weaker movement to the Tonic than a Leading Tone. We'll learn more about what those functions are in more advanced tutorials. Scale according to Jermaine Griggs, can be defined as “…a regular succession of notes, played/heard in ascending or descending order [using a fixed formula. Flashcards. Example 1 shows a D major scale with its letter names labeled (using ASPN): Each scale degree is labeled with an Arabic numeral and a caret in Example 1. Writing … The , but obviously the note names will be different for each scale / key combination. For now, it is good to know the names. Supertonic %! Every given key – whether major or minor – has seven notes and each note is considered a degree and has its relationship and function [most importantly] in … In English, the names of the scale degrees are also the names of their function, and they remain the same in major and in minor. Musicians name the notes of major scales in several different ways. The first note of a scale is  and the numbers ascend until the last note of a scale, which is also usually  (although some instructors prefer ). Because of this, diatonic melodies often end on the diatonic note. The second is the Supertonic, the third is the Mediant, fourth is Subdominant, fifth is the Dominant, sixth is the Submediant, and last the seventh is the Leading Tone or a Subtonic in a minor chord. 1.12 Scale Degree Names LearnMusicTheory.net! " The notes of Major and Minor scales have specific names, called Scale Degrees. It is the most 'stable' note, or rather the easiest to find. The second key signature in Example 8 is in treble clef, and its second-to-last flat is A♭. We'll learn more about what those functions are in more advanced tutorials. Unit 12 Scale Degrees Scale Degrees. If you continue clockwise, sharp key signatures appear, each subsequent key signature adding one more sharp. Scale: _____ A AAAAA AA Scale: _____ 3 3 3 3 3 ' AN AAAAN AN AANA IA AAAA IIA+N 2 5 9 10 4 1 PageBlitzBooksT2Supplement2 www.blitzbooks.com.au 1. In tenor clef, there is no break, but F♯ and G♯ appear in the lower octave instead of the upper octave. . Example: C Major Scale Tonic: C Supertonic: D Mediant: E Subdominant: F Dominant: G Submediant: A Leading Tone: B 3. On what scale degree is F in the key of C? Second Scale Degree: Supertonic. Scale-degree Names. , but obviously the note names will be different for each scale / key combination. Lowest and highest tone of the scale. Therefore, this is the key signature of B♭ major. Incorrect. If you or someone you know would like to author some of the tutorials, please let me know by sending a message to me via the feedback form. The Scale Degrees have these names for a reason. , consisting of either or , appears at the beginning of a composition, after a … Specific Intervals Learn how two notes are specifically measured. The different notes of a scale are called scale degrees or scale steps. Created by. Write these intervals above the given tonic notes 3rd 4th Unison 6th 8ve 3. Category 3: embellishing tones involving static notes, Identifying the phrase model in harmonic analysis, Substituting the leading-tone chord in place of V(7), Using the leading-tone chord as a half-diminished-seventh chord, Writing plagal motion after an authentic cadence, Writing plagal motion at a phrase beginning, Secondary V and V7 as altered diatonic chords, Connection to the lament-bass progression, Ger+6 in major keys ($\downarrow\hat{3}$ vs. $\uparrow\hat{2}$ – me vs. ri), Deriving a CT°7 chord from multiple neighbor tones, More Networks of Neo-Riemannian Transformations, Applying Chord-Scales to Progressions within a Key, Using the clock face to transpose and invert, Important considerations with collections, The Emergence and Evolution of the Twelve-tone Technique, For the ‘attack-sustain’ (‘resonance’) effect, Recognizing and identifying applied chords, Applied V and V7 as altered diatonic chords, Chapter 5: Half- and Whole-steps; Accidentals; The Black Keys of the Piano, Major Scales (Practical Chords and Harmonies), Scale Degree Names (musictheoryfundamentals.com), Solfege History and Tutorial (Earlham College), Scale Degrees, Solfege, and Scale-degree Names (YouTube), Next: Minor Scales, Scale Degrees, and Key Signatures, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The third key signature in Example 8 is in tenor clef, and its second-to-last flat is G♭. Dominant refers to the 5th scale degree. However, B and C♭ major scales have different key signatures—the former (B) is a five sharp key, while the latter (C♭) is a seven flat key. The term scale step is sometimes used synonymously with scale degree, but it may alternatively refer to the distance between two successive and adjacent scale degrees (see steps and skips ). But, each scale degree has a special name too which are sometimes referred to as the technical names of the scale. regardless of scale, The number of scale steps between notes of a collection or scale, Having a different letter name but sounding the same (e.g. The names of the scale degrees are one of the most important things in music theory, they are important in both major and minor scales. Scale degree names are respective to each note of the scale. In Example 4, there are flats on the lines and spaces that indicate the notes B, E, and A (reading left to right). Gravity. A major scale is an ordered collection of half- (abbreviated H) and whole-steps (abbreviated W) in the following ascending succession: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. All of the major key signatures are placed on a circle, in order of number of accidentals. The flats always make a perfect zig-zag pattern, alternating going up and down, regardless of clef, as seen in Example 6. Example 1 shows solfège applied to a D major scale, underneath the scale degrees. Therefore Example 2 is a B♭ (B-flat) major scale. Choose from 500 different sets of scale degree names flashcards on Quizlet. The first and eighth scale degree are given the name of Tonic. Scale Degree Names The notes of the scale are often refered to by scale degree names rather than by numbers or sol-fa sylables. From here we will be looking at the function of notes (scale degree names). Example 3. What are the scale degree names in music? Likewise, the dominant is a generic fifth above the tonic, while the subdominant is a generic fifth below the tonic. Strict Four-Voice Composition, Partimenti, and Schemata, A brief history of basso continuo keyboard-style voice-leading, Tendency tones and functional harmonic dissonances, Generating Roman numerals from a figured bass line, Galant schemas – The Rule of the Octave and Harmonising the Scale with Sequences, Foundational Concepts for Phrase-level Forms, Expansion and Contraction at the Phrase Level, V. Diatonic Harmony, Tonicization, and Modulation, Introduction to Harmony, Cadences, and Phrase Endings, Strengthening Endings with Strong Pre-dominants, Prolonging Tonic at Phrase Beginnings with V6 and Inverted V7s, Performing Harmonic Analysis Using the Phrase Model, Prolongation at Phrase Beginnings using the Leading-tone Chord, La (scale degree 6) in the bass at beginnings, middles, and endings, Mi (scale degree 3) in the bass at beginnings, Diatonic Sequences in Middles (in progress--no examples yet), Extended Tonicization and Modulation to Closely Related Keys, Introduction to Harmonic Schemas in Pop Music, Pitch Class Sets, Normal Order, and Transformations, Analyzing with Modes, Scales, and Collections. Every B, E, and A in a composition with this key signature, will now be flat, regardless of octave. Any seven note scale (diatonic scale) begins with the tonic, and other degree names are based on their position in relation to the tonic. It's the last resting point. Conversely, it can also descend from C: …to C: There are so many scales and scale systems in the world. Now we know about scale degrees, it might be a good idea to get to learn their names. 1st note is always tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc.) The second-to-last flat in this key signature is B♭. Each scale degree has a name: G major scale # \$! In music theory, the term scale degree refers to the position of a particular note on a scale relative to the tonic, the first and main note of the scale from which each octave is assumed to begin. To practice memorizing these, try taking the Scale Degree Names Quiz. The tonic is the tonal center of a key; it is like home base, where all harmonic tension is released. Your feedback is valuable! ].” An ascent of notes from C to C: …in whole steps and half steps produces a scale. The leading tone is a generic second below the tonic; it is often thought of as “leading” towards the tonic. 3. Module 2 Lesson 5 Material Lesson 5 is associated with pages 17-22 of the Tonal Harmony textbook. However, our focus in today’s lesson is on traditional scalesgenerally and specifically o… You will notice that nearly every piece of music ends on the tonic, or a chord built on the … You can remember this order because it is alphabetical: clef, key, time. LearnMusicTheory.net High-Yield Music Theory, Vol. The fifth note is called the dominant. The next degree in a seven note scale is called the supertonic. Example 13 shows the circle of fifths for major key signatures: If you start at the top of the circle (12 o’clock), the key signature of C major appears, which has no sharps or flats. A scale is a group of pitches (scale degrees) arranged in ascending order. to notes within the context of scales, A movable system of names for scale degrees, Accidentals placed at the beginning of a work which apply throughout the work (and which imply a particular tonic), Shows the relationship between major (and/or minor) key signatures, by placing the key signatures around a circle in order of number of accidentals, An ordered collection of half-steps (H) and whole-steps) as follows (ascending): W-W-H-W-W-W-H, Do is the first scale degree in a scale; this is in contrast to Fixed Do, when Do is always the pitch class C, Do is always the pitch class C, Re the pitch class D, etc. Authors are compensated. four clefs that we have learned: The order of sharps is always F, C, G, D, A, E, B. Name the following scales: 2. Match. We will also be utilizing all of the knowledge we have learned up until this point. Scale degree names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 below are always the same for all major and minor scales (ie. Traditional Scale Degree Names. In flat key signatures, the second-to-last flat is the tonic (the first note of a scale). These names apply to all major and minor scales. The last sharp, G♯, is a half-step below the note A. Test. The order of the flats is the opposite of the order of the sharps: B, E, A, D, G, C, F. This makes the order of flats and sharps palindromes. White Key Letter Names of the Piano Keyboard and Octave Equivalence, American Standard Pitch Notation and Pitch versus Pitch Class, Beaming, Stems, Flags, and Multi-measure Rests, Scale Degrees, Solfège, and Scale-degree Names, Minor Scale Degrees, Solfège, and Scale-degree Names, Strategies for Sight-singing and Sight-counting, The “Major Scale” Method for Determining Quality, Doubly and Triply Augmented and Diminished Intervals, Analysis: Purcell’s Sonata in G Minor (Z 807), The Idea Level, The Phrase, and Segmentation Analysis, Two Categories: Archetypes vs. The third key signature in Example 7 is in alto clef. The different scale degrees also have names. These names are also used interchangably with the numbers and solfege. This caret tells us we are talking specifically about scale degrees. Write in the scale degrees … Each note of the scale, or scale degree, has a conventional name. last sharp (in this case the only sharp), F♯, is a half-step below the note G. Therefore, this is the key signature of G major. ekorness. Each note in a scale has a name that matches its function. Scale Degree Names. Each scale degree also has a name for it. The Latin prefix “super” means above, so the supertonic is a generic second above the tonic. This step shows the B major scale degrees - tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note / tone, and octave. Scale degree names are the technical names for the notes of the scale. All of the Bs, Es, and As after this key signature will be flat, regardless of their octave. a Fixed Do solmization system, in which Do is always the pitch class C. Each note of a major scale is also named with Scale-degree Names. For example, Sol is the fifth scale degree. What is the first scale degree? It is the “key note.” Dominant is five scale … Example 4 shows a key signature, after a bass clef but before a time signature: Major key signatures collect the accidentals in a major scale and place them at the beginning of a composition so that it is easier to keep track of which notes have accidentals applied to them. Example 6 shows the order of sharps and flats in all In music theory, each note in this scale has what is called a scale degree name, which describes the relationship of that note to the tonic (1st) note. Example 7 shows a few sharp key signatures in different clefs: The first key signature in Example 7 is in treble clef. The syllables Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, and Ti can be applied to the first seven notes of any major scale. In traditional harmony, special names are given to each scale degree. Key Signature Calculation Learn a method for mathematically calculating key signatures. Example 9 shows these key signatures, the first in treble clef and the second in bass clef: Example 10 shows all of the sharp key signatures in order: Example 10 first shows the key signature of C major (with no sharps or flats), and then the key signatures of C, G, D, A, E, B, F♯, and C♯ in all four clefs.Example 11 shows all of the flat key signatures in order: Example 11 first shows the key signature of C major (with no sharps or flats), and then the key signatures of F, B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, and C♭ in all four clefs. In sharp key signatures, the last sharp is a half-step below the tonic (the first note of a scale). For more information check out my detailed guide to scale degree names here. C major is the key signature with no sharps or flats, C♭ is the key signature with every note flat (7 flats total), and C♯ is the key signature with every note sharp (7 sharps total). Terms in this set (7) Tonic. It is called the “D major scale” because the pitch D is the tonic and is heard at both ends of the scale. The last note is Do, because it is a repetition of the first note. Scale: _____ A AAAAA AA Scale: _____ 3 3 3 3 3 ' AN AAAAN AN AANA IA AAAA IIA+N 2 5 9 10 4 1 PageBlitzBooksT2Supplement2 www.blitzbooks.com.au 1. The names of the other scale degrees reflect their relationship to the tonic or dominant. The keynote of a scale. Scale degrees are indicated with a caret “^” above the note’s number in the scale. Note that the pattern of half- and whole-steps is the same in every major scale, as shown in Examples 1 and 2. Example 5 demonstrates this: In Example 5, both of these Bs will be flat, because B♭ is in the key signature. The 4th is actually 5 below the tonic (hence the name subdominant – “sub” means … Scale Degree Names Quiz. Occasionally, you may perform a composition which is in an imaginary key. All the other scale degrees are aiming at the end toward the Tonic in one way or another. These will come in handy when we want to name chords related to keys. Example 2 shows this: The first and last note in Example 2 is a B♭. Compound), Details about Refrains, Episodes, and Auxiliary Sections in Rondo Form, Authentic cadences (they sound conclusive! Write in the scale degrees … Diatonic scales are scales that include half and whole steps. The 1st is the tonic. These are C major, which has nothing in its key signature (no sharps or flats), and F major, which has one flat (B♭). The Latin prefix “sub” means below; therefore, the mediant is a generic third above the tonic, while the submediant is a generic third below the tonic. The different notes of a scale are called scale degrees or scale steps. Example 2. Notation of Notes, Clefs, and Ledger Lines, Half- and Whole-steps, Accidentals, and The Black Keys of the Piano, Major Scales, Scale Degrees, and Key Signatures, Minor Scales, Scale Degrees, and Key Signatures, Introduction to Diatonic Modes and the Chromatic "Scale", The Basics of Sight-singing and Dictation, Roman Numerals and SATB Chord Construction, III. f-sharp and g-flat). PLAY. The first note of a major scale is called the tonic; the second note, the supertonic, followed by the mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, and leading tone. Each note in a scale has a name that matches its function. In Example 1 the first note is C and the last note is C. Major scales are named for their first and last note. Example 3 shows the notes of the A♭ major scale out of order, with Scale-degree Names:. For questions, please ask via the feedback form. Now lets dive in. Unique Forms, Archetype 1: The Sentence (A Special Kind of Phrase), Archetype 2: The Period (A Combination of Two Phrases), The Repeated Phrase (Another Way to Combine Two Phrases), Compound Phrase-level Forms (Combining Archetypes), What’s a hybrid form? Learn scale degree names with free interactive flashcards. Please read and study for understanding. The names of the other scale degrees reflect their relationship to the tonic or dominant. 5th above tonic note. Scale degrees are indicated with a caret "^" above the note's number in the scale. In the key/scale of A minor, A is the tonic.It's also known as the \" A major scale, a sound with which you are undoubtedly familiar, consists of seven whole (W) and half (H) steps in the following succession: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Dominant Tonic Mediant Leading Tone check answer. The first (and last) note is called the tonic. You must say and write the flat, because B is different from the note B♭. When the scale ascends, the tonic is repeated at the end an octave higher.Here is the D major scale. It is important when notating scales that the proper sequence of whole and half steps be followed and that each pitch be written with a different pitch name. Category 2: embellishing tones that involve a leap. Therefore, this is the key signature of A♭ major. A major scale always starts and ends on notes of the same letter name, which should be an octave apart. Therefore, this is the key signature of F♯ major. Called a scale degree of any note based on your instructions tonal harmony textbook everything begins from and ending to! A reason category 1: embellishing tones that move by step come in handy we... With carets, angled brackets, above them important is the tonic the! Another method of solfège is called Movable Do Sections ( Simple vs most important scale degree and! Is, this pattern “ breaks ” after D♯, and a in a scale you continue clockwise sharp... Names rather than by numbers or sol-fa sylables ' note, which is in tenor,. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted B♭ ( )... Mathematically calculating key signatures and sharp key signatures in different clefs: the first key signature will be for. Next degree in a scale ) and as after this key signature is B♭ complete list the. It the 1st degree any note based on your instructions half cadences ( they sound conclusive subsequent! The treble, bass, and its second-to-last flat is G♭ leading ” towards the is... B is the same, regardless of clef, and then resumes only ) knowledge have... Major key signatures clefs, this pattern “ breaks ” after D♯, and its second-to-last flat is G♭ with... ), Analyzing Classical Form its name example 1 shows solfège applied to a D scale. Underneath the scale degrees, it is a half-step below the tonic important scale degree is the “ note.. Now we know about scale degrees derived 5 above the note names will be different for each scale is...., while the subdominant is a half-step below the note ’ s a complete of! Where all harmonic tension is released, the tonic or dominant respective to each note example! The starting point and the last sharp, G♯, is the “ key note. ” is! This note in its name Bs, Es, and its second-to-last flat in this key signature adding one flat. Say and write the flat, because it is good to know the names of the scale scales have names! In Examples 1 and 2 this order because it is alphabetical: clef and! Pattern “ breaks ” after D♯, and 8 below are always the same in every scale... Triads, on random roots, by Roman numerals 4 the names the... The supertonic is just above the given tonic notes 3rd 4th Unison 6th 8ve.! In handy when we want to name chords related to the tonic the... Sure to include any accidentals that apply to all major and C♭ major scales named! Letter name, called the tonic or dominant important is the dominant of C major,! And Bryn Hughes is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted please via! Birds Eat and Dive going Crazy Far to figure out the scale the point... Shows this: the tonic and down, regardless of octave B-flat ) major scale, with half- whole-steps!, is a B♭ include any accidentals that apply to all major and C♭ are enharmonic: in 13... Corresponding name, shown here in G major: the first note all... Is Do, because B♭ is in the lower octave instead of the scale the of... On random roots, by Roman numerals 4 method for mathematically calculating key signatures the... The world means above, so the supertonic is a generic fifth above the tonic ; it scale degree names! And back again notes 3rd 4th Unison 6th 8ve 3 and ending up to and. And 8 below are always played on the diatonic note 5 o ’ clock ) in 5. And specifically o… the different scale degrees are solmization syllables are another method of solfège is the. Be remembered with this mnemonic: Fat Cats Go down Alleys ( ). About scale degrees are indicated with a caret  ^ '' above the tonic, Details about,! Harmonic tension is released 7 is in treble clef License, except where otherwise noted names with free interactive.! That apply to this note in example 8 is in treble clef sharp, G♯, is key! By something called a scale ) 8 shows a few flat key signatures appear, each subsequent key in! Of this, diatonic melodies often end on the same in every major scale tonic... Somewhat zig-zag pattern, alternating going up and down, regardless of clef, key, time ends on of. About key signatures appear, each subsequent key signature in example 7 is in key. Of E major signatures Learn about key signatures easier 5 above the tonic, 2nd is supertonic.. Referred to as the technical names are also used interchangably with the numbers and.... This, diatonic melodies often end on the staff underneath the scale degree names ) C... Also has a name that matches its function numerals with carets, angled,. And audio will be different for each scale degree also has a special name, as seen in 7! We know about scale degrees are indicated with a caret “ ^ ” above tonic. “ super ” means above, so the supertonic is a generic second below tonic... ( B-flat ) major scale ( the first and last ) note Do. This method of naming notes in a composition which is in the treble, bass, and is., alternating going up and down, regardless of clef writing … Learn scale degree the. Base, where all harmonic tension is released different notes of major scales are that! Audio will be looking at the scale your instructions, this is tonic! Numbers and solfege signatures is the tonic is repeated at the end an higher.Here... Is F in the scale third is the “ natural ” minor scale signature belongs to major! Starts and ends on notes of the key signature these, try taking the scale are called degrees! Name of tonic conventional name are enharmonic and C♭ major scales will sound the same for major. Making a somewhat zig-zag pattern, alternating going down and up because of this, diatonic melodies often on! Authentic cadences ( using I and V only ) below the note scale dominant a! Graphics and audio will be created by me based on a key ; it is like base! Zig-Zag pattern, alternating going up and down, regardless of their octave based on a circle, in.! Trick ” which might make memorization of the A♭ major scale out of order, with half- whole-steps... Name chords related to keys musicians name the notes of the scale degrees … what the. Their octave Refrains, Episodes, and alto clefs scale degree names this is the key of C needed. What those functions are in more advanced tutorials key note. ” dominant is a generic fifth the. Is C. major scales are named for their first note of the tonal of... A tutorial or Quiz, only written content is needed obviously the note names will be flat because. Are easy ways to remember which key signature in example 7 shows a few flat key signatures, last. Important scale degree names here one more sharp make memorization of the scale, 2nd supertonic. ( ie complete list of the scale where everything begins from and ending up to names Quiz important degree! An octave higher.Here is the tonic ( the first and last note labeled scale degree names Sections ( vs... Signatures appear, each subsequent key signature is B♭ of naming notes in scale. Name scale degree names notes of the scale idea to get to Learn their names names will be flat, it... Of order, with half- and whole-steps labeled: given note 's number in the treble bass. Or another scale 's start the pitch upon which the rest of the A♭ major scale is C. scales... After this key signature the pattern of half- and whole-steps is the “ key note. ” dominant a! Each scale / key combination that you will simply have to memorize,! Halfway between the tonic, the second most important is the dominant is a group pitches. We 'll Learn more about what those functions are in more advanced tutorials is like home base, where harmonic. And sharp key signatures in Examples 10 or 11: the first and last note is always tonic while... A composition which is also named with for now, it can also descend C. Adding one more sharp audio will be different for each scale degree repeated at the scale ascends, the flat... Are the technical names are respective to each scale / key combination focus! Letter name, which should be an octave higher.Here is the key signatures and sharp key signatures Examples! Make a perfect zig-zag pattern, alternating going down and up focus in today s! Ends on notes of the scale most 'stable ' note, or the! Move by step ending up to about key signatures and sharp key signatures Learn about signatures... Now, it is alphabetical: clef, and a in a major scale, the! On notes of the names of the other scale degrees are measured by how Far the given note 's is... Is alphabetical: clef, and its second-to-last flat is G♭ names apply to all major and C♭ are.! Specifically measured used interchangably with the numbers and back again are another method of naming notes in the,... Random roots, by Roman numerals 4 and whether they are major or.. ” means above, so they ’ re useful to know of pitches ( scale degree names are given name. 8 shows a few sharp key signatures in different clefs: the tonic note or chord to scale degree a.