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Functionalism emphasizes the importance of the economy for any society, and the income and self-fulfillment that work often provides. As a result of challenges in the 1970s, structural functionalism fell into disfavour in the study of sociology. According to Maccionis; “society is a complex system, whose parts work together for the solidarity and stability of society”. In The Elementary Structure of Kinship Levi –Strauss only hints at the more philosophical view of the world that his analysis of kinship implies. Functionalism (also known as Structural Functionalism) is the theory that states all aspects of a society are dependent and they serve a … Also, it ignores inequalities including race, gender, class, which causes tension and conflict. And thus gender contributes to the stability of the society as a whole. Conflict Theory vs. Let me begin by briefly explaining the term ‘structural functionalism’ by taking each word in turn. A structural functionalist view of gender inequality applies the division of labor to view predefined gender roles as complementary ; women take care of the home while men provide for the family . Simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. What is Functionalism. Structural Functionalism The theory came about in the 20 th century and has played a major role in gender studies. There are two main contributors to structural functionalism: Herbert Spencer and Èmile Durkheim. Pages: 8 Words: 2357 Topics: Capitalism, Family, Gender, Gender Inequality, Gender Roles, Masculinity, Structural Functionalism Lois Lowry Shows a Supposed The Giver by: Lois Lowry shows a supposed utopian society in the future, where the main character Jonas comes to learn the truth about his society and its inner workings. Conflict theory highlights the control of the economy by the economic elite, the alienation of work, and various problems in the workplace. Structural Functionalism, this is like a fight between conservative and liberal. Overall structural functionalism addresses society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. For example, studies have found that managers give women fewer challenging roles and less training compared with men. Europe was changing from agriculture to factory production. One of its proponents is the renowned sociologist Emile Durkheim. Structural functionalism is a sociological theory that views society as a system composed of various parts that are interrelated and function together in harmony for the stability and benefit of the whole system. Spencer was an early adopter of the term sociology. Structural Functionalism. In that sense, functionalism perceives gender inequality and sex roles as a beneficial way to reinforce the division of labor within society. Believes that society has evolved like organisms. It assumes the family as the most integral part of society and explains gender … CRITISMS In the 1960s, functionalism was criticized for being unable to account for social change, or for structural contradictions and conflict . The factors that led to the development of sociology are industrial economy, the growth of cities, and political change. It examines the necessary structures that make up a society and how each part helps to keep the society stable. However, it is still an important model in a number of ways. Structural Functionalism 978 Words | 4 Pages. According to functionalism, society is heading toward an equilibrium. ‘Structuralist’ sociological approaches are those which assert that the behaviour of people in society is structured according to a set of rules or laws. On the other hand, symbolic interactionism can be portrayed as a critique, on a way that it perceives gender as something comprehended by the individual self. The traditional view of the man working a job while the woman stays home to care for the children and do housekeeping is rooted in structural functionalism. Functionalism-- sometimes called "structural functionalism--" is a theoretical framework which considers mental states as defined by their enactment or performance. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM Reported By Jewel Jem J. Beren WHAT IS STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM? Abstract. Structuralism In recent years Claude Levi-Strauss has become a dominant figure in anthropology. Female managers aren't given the high-level responsibilities needed for promotions. Sociological Theories of Prejudice and Racism. This video provides a brief introduction to Structural Functionalism. Gender inequality offers a good illustration. 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